Ambien

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Description

Insomnia is partial or total lack of sleep. It can occur to healthy individuals in case of fatigue or over-excitation of nervous system; it may be an independent diagnosis and can even be a symptom of some other disease. If insomnia continues for more than one month – this is the essential reason for going to a specialist, because the longer insomnia is, the more difficult the process of treatment will be.

Ambien helps to sleep within half an hour. The medicine belongs to a class of hypnotic drugs and is prescribed by a doctor. The drug is intended for short term use (not more than 10 days), helps get rid of frequent nocturnal awakenings, restless sleep and early morning awakening.

Indications for use

Situational or long-term sleep disorders:

  • Difficulty when falling asleep
  • Night and early awakening

Method of application

  • Ambien should be used in strict accordance with the recommendations of the doctor. If you want to clarify instructions for use, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
  • Each dose should be drunk with a full glass of water.
  • You should take Ambien right before sleeping. You will become sleepy and you may even fall and injure yourself if you are not ready to go to sleep.
  • Take Ambien only if you are waiting for a full night’s sleep prior to the next activity.
  • Do not exceed your prescribed dosage.
  • Do not stop taking Ambien if you have taken it for more than 1 or 2 weeks. You may experience withdrawal symptoms and cause discomfort. If you have to stop taking drug immediately, you should consult your doctor.

Drug contraindications

  • Severe respiratory distress
  • Sleep apnea
  • Severe hepatic failure
  • Child and adolescence to 15 years
  • Hypersensitivity to the drug
  • The drug is not recommended for use with myasthenia gravis and concurrent use of alcohol

Pregnancy and lactation:

Ambien is contraindicated in the first trimester of pregnancy.

In the third trimester of pregnancy the drug can be used in minimal doses because benzodiazepines and similar drugs in high doses may cause hypotension, hypothermia and respiratory distress syndrome of newborns, and it may lead to the development of the child’s withdrawal state a few days after birth.

The concentration of Ambien in breast milk is small, but if you have to use Ambien in the lactation period, you should solve the issue of termination of breastfeeding.

Experimental studies have not revealed the teratogenic effects of the drug.

Overdose:

Symptoms: depression of the central nervous system. In mild cases the symptoms are stupor, drowsiness; more severe – ataxia, hypotonia, hypotension, respiratory depression, rarely coma. If poisoning by multiple drugs is ruled out, the prognosis will be favorable, even if the dose of Ambien is 400 mg.

Treatment: gastric lavage, artificial vomiting, prescription of activated charcoal. If necessary, symptomatic therapy in the ICU.

Drug interactions:

If you take Ambien together with opioid analgesics, antitussive drugs, barbiturates, antidepressants, sedatives, antihistamines, benzodiazepines, clonidine, neuroleptics, ethanol, there may occur symptoms of oppression of the central nervous system and respiratory center.

If you take Ambien together with clozapine, it will increases the risk of collapse, stop of circulation and respiration.

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