Atarax is sold in the form of white, oblong tablets, each of which has in its composition 25 mg of the active component – hydroxyzine hydrochloride. Auxiliary means are: cellulose micro-crystalline, lactose monohydrate, macrogol 400, titanium dioxide and magnesium stearate. This medicine can be bought in a drugstore in blister packs containing 25 tablets.

Pharmacological action

Like any other tranquilizer, Atarax has five main actions: anxiolytic (relieves anxiety and fear), sedative (calming), anti-emetic, analgesic, and antihistamine (anti-allergic) effect. In addition, this tool perfectly relaxes skeletal and smooth muscles. That is, the drug eliminates muscle tension and anxiety, and eliminates skin itch with existing allergic diseases. According to reviews, the drug begins to act after 20 minutes after ingestion. And its long-term use does not cause psychological dependence or habituation.

Indications for use

Experts prescribe Atarax in the following cases:

  • the treatment of neurological, mental and somatic diseases;
  • lowering anxiety, psychomotor agitation, feelings of internal tension and heightened arousal;
  • symptomatic treatment of pruritus caused by allergic reaction;
  • treatment of abstinence syndrome in case of chronic alcoholism, accompanied by psychomotor agitation;
  • preparation of the patient for anesthesia and surgery.

How to take Atarax

In the case of pruritus, the cure must be taken in an initial dose of 25 mg. If necessary, a doctor may increase the daily dose to 300 mg funds. Children from 1 to 6 years of age are supposed to take 1– 2.5 mg per kilogram of body weight, and children from 6 to 12 years of age take 1,5–2 mg/kg/day.

In order to struggle with anxiety and increased irritability you should take 50 mg of Atarax per day. Severe cases involve medication in a dosage of 300 mg/day (with half the dose taken in the morning and the other half in the evening). The dose should be reduced by half for patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency, as well as for old people.

Contraindications of the drug

This drug is not applied in the following cases:

  • porphyria;
  • the period of labor activity;
  • lactation period;
  • hypersensitivity to hydroxyzine and other components of the medication;
  • children under one year of age.

This drug should be taken with caution in case of increased intraocular pressure, difficulty of urination, myasthenia, propensity to seizures and predisposition to arrhythmias.

Side effects

The instruction highlights the following the side effects that can be caused by the receiving of Atarax:

  • constipation;
  • dry mouth;
  • violation of urination;
  • dizziness;
  • headache;
  • hypotension;
  • weakness;
  • disorientation;
  • sweating;
  • fever;
  • tremor;
  • cramps;
  • bronchospasm;
  • allergic reactions.