Bystolic is an effective cardio selective beat blocker with a smooth vasodilating effect. This drug significantly relieves arterial hypertension, all forms of heart failure and ischemic heart disease.
Bystolic can restore the heart rate (slow down and normalize it), relieve the chest pain (reducing the oxygen demand of heat muscle) and dilate the vessels. In course treatment, this drug gradually reduces high blood pressure. To achieve this effect, you must take Bystolic for at least 4 weeks.
Indications for use
- Arterial hypertension
- Chronic heart failure (as a part of comprehensive therapy)
- Ischemic heart disease (to prevent acute angina attacks)
Bystolic is available in pills with the dosage of 5 mg. It is recommended to take the drug once a day (in the morning). The dosage can range from 2.5 to 10 mg. This drug must be taken alone or in combination with the cardiovascular drugs. For example, you can add diuretics to increase the hypotensive effect (reduction of blood pressure).
- Acute and decompensated chronic heart failure
- Heart conduction disorders
- Cardiogenic shock
- Expressed hypotension
- Expressed liver and kidney dysfunctions
- Risk of bronchospasm
- Severe vessel obliteration (vasoconstriction)
- Patients under the age of 18
Pregnancy and lactation
The drug can be used only in extreme cases and under medical supervision, as the use of Bystolic can cause bradycardia, hypoglycemia, respiratory paralysis and arterial hypotension in newborns.
Stop taking the drug 2-3 days before delivery. If it’s impossible, you should provide constant monitoring of the newborn in the first three days after delivery.
The drug can’t be used during lactation (only after it).
Side effects and overdose
The most frequent undesirable effects, caused by the use of Bystolic are: headache, fatigue, digestive disorders and pathological slow heartbeat. It was also found that this drug can negatively affect the blood condition (increased concentration of uric acid and triglycerides). Moreover, it can cause allergic reactions and respiratory spasms.
Overdose with Bystolic can cause the dangerous pressure drop, bronchospasm, reduce the tone of vessels, slows down the heart rate. The patient must get his/her stomach pumped right after the drug intake. Then (depending on the condition), the patient requires reanimation to maintain breathing and heart activity. You can also use the drugs that activate cardiovascular system.