Diazepam

Category:

Description

Diazepam substance has strong sedative and hypnotic effect, inhibiting the structure of the brain, which processes information received from sense organs, thalamus. Diazepam enhances the inhibitory effects on the central nervous system with gamma-aminobutyric acid, providing muscle relaxant, anxiolytic and anticonvulsant effect. As a result, the symptoms of a busy, anxious, uneasy condition, phobias, emotional instability, agitate becomes less pronounced. Diazepam can lower blood pressure, get rid of the hallucinations occurring in the setting of chronic alcoholism, weaken, shake (tremor) of a limb, eliminate insomnia. This is a very serious medication that only covers prescription basis in the form of tablets and ampules containing a solution for intramuscular and intravenous injections.

Indications for use

This drug is used in neurological and psychiatric practice for the treatment of neurosis of different origin, relieving spasms, epileptic seizures, increased anxiety, hysterical and hypochondriacal reactions, excessive psychomotor stimulation. The drug is effective for vertebral syndrome, muscle spasms, insomnia, alcohol withdrawal. This tranquilizer eliminates irritable condition during menopause and menstrual disorders, is used in complex therapy of hypertensive disease, Meniere’s syndrome, progressive polyarthritis. In surgical practice it used to help Diazepam for a preliminary preparation of the patient for surgery (sedation).

Method of application

Tablets the drug are most often used as a maintenance therapy. The main therapeutic effect for neurosis is achieved by injection injection. Dosage and duration course of treatment are determined by the physician on the basis of the diagnosis, the severity of the clinical picture, the patient’s age. Usually it is prescribed 5 – 10 milligrams of the medication twice a day, but sometimes (for severe symptoms), the drug should be taken every 4 hours.

Drug contraindications

Direct contraindications of Diazepam are comatose and shocking state of the patient, acute poisoning, respiratory failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, glaucoma, hypersensitive active ingredient of the drug. The drug shouldn’t be taken by women during pregnancy and those who breastfeed babies. The drug is contraindicated for the treatment of young children under 5 years of age. This tranquilizer should be prescribed with caution in case of uncontrollable spontaneous convulsions (hyperkynesis) and disorders of movement coordination (cerebral ataxia) of congenital origin, in case of violation of the functions of kidneys and liver, night apnea, and by old people.

Side effects

Doctors say that you should control your feelings in the process of treatment with Diazepam. Instructions for use indicates the evidence of a fall in blood pressure, the appearance of redness and swelling at the injection site of the medication, the occurrence of dizziness, photophobia, and dyspepsia. It may slow down motor reactions, disturb concentration, develop chronic fatigue syndrome (asthenia).

Diazepam has showed high efficiency in the treatment of disorders of neurotic character, but you should take into consideration the seriousness of its use. This drug is not a means of self-medication. Uncontrolled use of it causes drug dependence, therefore, it should be appointed only by your doctor.