Lithium is mostly used for the prevention and treatment of mental disorders. This is the generic version of Eskalith. The medicine belongs to the group of mood stabilizers that are medicines used for the treatment of mood disorders. This drug can minimize the risk of suicidal tendencies in people with mental diseases.
Lithium was approved by the Food and Drug Administration (1970). The medicine also has neuroprotective effects (which prevent neuronal injury in the CNS) by minimizing the risk of apoptosis (the process of programmed cell death) and improving the neural cell longevity.
The use of Lithium
Lithium is mostly used to fight bipolar disorder (mental disease characterized by depression and mood swings). Sometimes, this drug is also used if the other drugs for the treatment of depression and mental disorders in kids proved to be ineffective.
The drug is efficient in the treatment of seizures, arthritis and kidney dysfunction. It is essential to get the doctor’s prescription for Lithium and get all the information about this drug from a competent physician.
Formerly, the drug was intended for the treatment of gout, but the use of the Lithium for that goal was forbidden as it was found that the levels of lithium necessary to isolate uric acid from kidney were toxic.
How should you take Lithium?
Lithium comes in different forms, such as pills, extended-release formulation and liquid for oral intake. The drug dosage varies from 90 to 2400mg.
The tablet and liquid form of this drug should be taken 3 or 4 times a day, while the extended-release tablet must be taken 2 or 3 times a day. The person taking Lithium pill must be regularly monitored by the doctor.
Patients must undergo regular serum level tests and check his thyroid and kidney for deviations, as this drug impedes the regulation of sodium and water content in the body, which may cause dehydration.
Severe adverse effects that happen rarely, are:
- Underactive thyroid
- Hair thinning
- High blood pressure
The most common adverse effects are:
- head pain,
- muscle fatigue,
- sudden weight gain,
- memory impairment.
However, the above-mentioned adverse effects may disappear with time. If they’re frequent, you should stop the treatment and consult your doctor. You should start the treatment with Lithium only after getting all the information about this drug.
Lithium can interact with the drug containing caffeine, diuretics and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To ensure your safety, you should ask the doctor about all possible contraindications of Lithium before starting the treatment.