Nizoral is a drug that destroys the yeast fungus Pityrosporum oval, “responsible” for the appearance of dandruff, and other fungi-causative agents of human diseases. The active substance of this drug is ketoconazole. This compound disrupts the processes that ensure normal functioning of the cell wall of fungi. It destroys the yeast fungi, the causative agent of multi-colored lichen, cryptococcus – the cause of systemic fungal infections, fungi-causative agents of skin lesions, Candida, as well as, gram-positive cocci – staph and strep. All this leads to the use of Nizoral systemically, that is, inside and topically, i.e. externally, in case of diseases caused by these organisms.

This drug is released in the form of tablets, vaginal plugs, creams and shampoos. The usage of the necessary dosages and specific cases are described in the instruction of the drug.

Drug contraindications

The pills of Nizoral can not be taken in case allergic reactions to its components, liver or kidney disease, during pregnancy and breastfeeding. They should be used with caution to women after the age of fifty, people with a decrease in the production of hormones of the adrenal cortex and pituitary, together with drugs that have a toxic effect on the liver. Nizoral is restricted for external use only in case of individual hypersensitivity to its components.

Side effects

During systemic use of this drug it may develop side effects such as:

  • digestive disorders,
  • sleep disturbance,
  • the condition of the skin
  • blood,
  • liver
  • headaches,
  • dizziness
  • and so on.

Rarely people suffer from hair loss, hormone imbalances, joint pain and fevers. Sometimes external use of Nizoral brings burning, itching, allergic rashes.

Drug interactions

When a doctor prescribes Nizoral in the form of tablets, they should determine the possibility of combining the drug with other drugs. Clinically significant interaction of simultaneous use of cream and shampoo with other drugs is not established.

Sometimes people mistakenly believe that dandruff or other fungal disease problems are cosmetic. Accordingly, they try to solve them by themselves. However, you need to understand that everything is a disease and it needs to be treated using the advice of experts. There are special tests, passing which you can accurately determine the type of pathogen and prescribe the most effective means of healing. One of these drugs is Nizoral.