Proventil is a drug which is designed to act on b2-adrenergic receptors, responsible for the spastic contraction of the bronchi, uterus, blood vessels. It can be used in inhalation – and then acts mainly on bronchi. Thus, the effect becomes noticeable after a few minutes and lasts up to six hours. And there can be used other pharmacological forms to exert influence on the myometrium. Accordingly, treatment with this drug is carried out in the pulmonology, obstetrics, in case of allergy, bronchial asthma, bronchospasm, when it is necessary to relax the uterus prior to surgery during pregnancy, in case of threatened hypertonicity and so on.
Proventil is produced in different pharmacological forms – from pills to solutions for inhalation and infusion. The instruction describes how to apply each of the forms in various pathologies, according to the instruction of the drug. There are different methods of application and dosages for prophylactic use, the relief of acute conditions or regular corrective therapy. Although this medication almost has no effect on b1-adrenergic receptors that regulate the contractility of the heart, but it can not be used in case of cardiac and vascular abnormalities, severe systemic diseases, including endocrine, diabetes. The drug in not prescribed to pregnant and breastfeeding women (without special indications).
- Hypersensitivity to the drug
- Children up to 18 months are contraindicated to take inhaled version of the drug
- Kids under 2 years of age (inside and aerosol, which is sprayer)
- Children under 4 years are contraindicated to take powdered version of the drug
- In case of a possible miscarriage in the first two trimesters of pregnancy
- For intravenous reception in case of the presence of infection of the birth canal, fetal death in utero, abnormal development of the fetus
You should consult your doctor if you want to use the drug, if you have the following diseases:
- High blood pressure
- Coronary heart disease
- Diabetes mellitus
- Renal or hepatic insufficiency
Side effects and overdose
During the inhalation there are possible reactions from the cardiovascular, central nervous system, nausea and tremor, in very rare cases – allergy from urticaria to angioedema shock and paradoxical bronchospasm. The reception of Proventil orally or intravenously can cause a wider range of adverse reactions.
Overdose with this drug is extremely dangerous, as it leads to the disruption of vital systems. In such conditions you can be helped only by a qualified medical personnel in a hospital.
The effectiveness of this drug is confirmed, but you have to use it only after the consultation with your doctor. If you have any doubts about the use of Proventil or its effectiveness – you should refer to specialists.