Rogaine (Minoxidil) is an antihypertensive vasodilator drug that opens the blood vessels due to the relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the wall of the blood vessel. The relaxation of blood vessels allows improving the blood flow in the necessary area.
Rogaine was created by Upjohn Company and initially used for the treatment of ulcer. However, according to the clinical researches, people taking this drug reported a strange adverse effect: instead of treating ulcer, the drug caused hair growth in different body parts. This is the only approved medicine for the treatment of androgenic hair loss. Moreover, this medicine is available without prescription and approved by Food and Drug Administration (1996).
There are two different liquid versions of Rogaine: for men and women.
Rogaine is mostly used for the treatment of androgenic hair loss (the male pattern hair loss, characterized by the hair loss, especially in the crown area, caused by to the thinning of hair follicles under the impact of androgenic hormones).
The drug is effective in promoting hair growth in men and women. According to the researches, about 40% of men have experienced hair regrowth within 3-6 months (if they took the drug on the regular basis).
As Rogaine belongs to the topical medications (i.e. it must be applied only to the affected area), it comes in liquid and foam form.
Irrespective of the form, you should apply only 1ml of the medicine on the scalp. You can note significant improvements after 3 months of the regular use of Rogaine. If it doesn’t happen, you should stop taking the drug and consult your doctor immediately.
The most common adverse effects of this drug include itching, reddening or irritation of the eye or the affected area. Sometimes the drug can cause hair growth in other body parts.
People using Rogaine must not stop the treatment before consulting their doctor, as it may reverse the drug effect.
As Rogaine is not advised for the oral intake, it is usually well tolerable.
Rogaine must be used only according to the doctor’s prescriptions to prevent adverse effects.
As the drug is well tolerable it doesn’t tend to interact with other medications. However, you should consult a physician if you feel itching or irritation during the treatment with Rogaine.