Topamax is an anticonvulsant, which performs an anti-epilepsy action by relieving the muscle cramps. The drug is also effective in treatment of different sings of psychosis, as an anti-maniacal drug in nervous system bipolar disorder, including manic depressions.
Indications for the use of Tomapax
- stresses of different origin, for example, post-traumatic stress disorder;
- headaches of different etiology
The special properties of the drug include the mood stabilization, as it belongs to the group of the group of normotics. Due to all the above-mentioned properties, Topamax belongs to the list of important and vitally necessary medicines.
Indications for the use of the drug include the following factors
- First diagnosed epilepsy
- Lennox-Gastaut syndrome
- Alcoholic syndrome
- Post-traumatic stresses
Tomapax is used for the prevention of migraine in adult patients, but the practice of drug using in the an acute attack of illness has not yet been studied. The contraindications include: hypersensitivity of the patient’s bodies to the active ingredients.
Restrictions on the use of Tomapax
Restrictions on the use of Topiramate include:
- Children less than 2 years of age.
- Pregnancy of any trimester.
Anti-epilepsy drug Tomapax belongs to the medicines of high-risk category, both for the pregnant women and for the fetus, as an active substance can pass through the placental barrier and directly affect the fetus. Tomapax is prescribed to the pregnant women only in exceptional cases, if the danger to the health of the mother significantly exceeds the risk of potential impact on the fetus. If the drug is prescribed to the nursing mothers, the breastfeeding must be irreversibly terminated, as the active substance is likely to the human milk.
Side effects of Tomapax The drug causes some side effects on the part of some organs and systems in the human body: Nervous systems. Focused attention impairment and drowsiness. Dizziness, lethargy, prompt fatiguability and decline of emotions. Muscle weakness, amnesia, speech function disorder. Depression.
Vision organs. Nystagmus, conjunctivitis, double vision.
Digestive tract. Sickness, gingivitis, anorexia, taste perversion.
Other side effects include: abdominal pains, weight loss, spontaneous nosebleeds, swellings, chills, impotence, and decreased libido.
Interaction of Tomapax with the other medications
Carbamazepine and Phenytoin help to reduce the level of drug concentration in blood. Tomapax suppresses the oral contraceptives. Simultaneous use of Tomapax with the drugs, disposing to nephrolithiasis, significantly increases the risk of urolithiasis. The drug overdose leads to the escalation of side effects. In cases of drug overdose, you urgently need to pump your stomach and induce vomiting at the same time. The therapy is conducted in a supportive regime. Hemodialysis is appointed only in an emergency.
Precautions during the use of Tomapax
Patients with hemodialysis need to take an additional dose, equal to the half of daily drug dose, before the beginning of the procedure and on its completion. The drug must be withdrawn gradually; you should reduce the dose by 100 mg every week. If there is an increased risk of developing nephrolithiasis, it is strongly recommended that you increase the daily liquid. In case of significant weight loss, you are encouraged to follow a high-calorie diet with the use of dietary supplements. Tomapax is not recommended to the people whose work is related to the attention concentration, particularly to the professional drivers. It is contraindicated to use it together with the drugs which lead to CNS depression. It is forbidden to mix this drug with alcohol.
In conclusion we’d like to give you a few special instructions on the use of the drug. The drug must be withdrawn gradually to minimize the frequency of possible convulsive seizures. The weekly dose reduction is 100 mg. In case of significant weight loss, you should adjust your diet. During the treatment it is necessary to avoid the use of alcohol and psychotropic drugs. . Tomapax has a strongly affects the capacity of driving. Tomapax is contraindicated to the children less than 2 years old. The patients with liver and kidney dysfunction should take the drug with extreme caution.