Valium is a tranquilizer, which has widely known analogues: Diazepam, Relanium, Seduxen. The drug belongs to a group of anxiolytic drugs benzothiazepine series and has a complex mechanism of action, exerting a hypnotic, muscle relaxant, sedative and anticonvulsant effect.
Valium is used for treat anxiety, acute alcohol psychosis, withdrawal syndrome and seizures. Valium is also used for relief of muscle spasms and to provide sedation before medical procedures. This drug belongs to a class of medications called benzodiazepines which act on the brain and nerves (central nervous system ) to get a calming effect. Valium works by enhancing the effects of a certain natural chemical in the body.
The pills come in two doses — 10 and 5 mg. The dose is selected individually depending on the diagnosis, endurance, age, etc. For adults the maximum single dose is 20 mg. You can drink a maximum of 60 mg per day. For children there is the scheme of dose selection, which can be seen in the instructions to the drug.
At the beginning of therapy Valium may manifest drowsiness, severe dizziness, high fatigue, impaired coordination, disorientation, lethargy, retrograde amnesia, it can also cause slowing of both mental and physical reactions, worsening of attention.
In addition, Valium may cause the development of such diseases as heartbeat, low blood pressure, tachycardia, gastralgia, heartburn, constipation, vomiting, nausea, hiccups, dry mouth, anemia, thrombocytopenia, agranulocytosis, neutropenia, urinary incontinence, kidney failure, increased or decreased libido, allergies, disturbed breathing, thrombosis, phlebitis, depression of the nervous system.
There are also reviews that Valium may cause low weight, breathing problems, vision, bulimia.
Valium can be addictive, but in case of its abrupt cancellation the state of health may deteriorate, so you shouldn’t buy it without prescription and take it for your own.
According to the instruction Valium is not prescribed to the patient in a state of shock, coma, acute alcoholic and drug poisoning, hypersensitivity, glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, acute respiratory failure, severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, during pregnancy, breastfeeding. It is also not prescribed to children up to six months.
In case of overdose you should immediately contact your doctor.
Symptoms of an overdose of diazepam are drowsiness, dizziness, confusion, slow heart rate, difficult breathing, difficulty when walking and speaking, the condition similar to alcoholic intoxication and loss of consciousness.