Ventolin is a drug designed to expand the bronchial tubes, relieve and prevent airway spasms. Its active ingredient is salbutamol, which is in the form of self-medication. The action of this drug is diverse: it not only expands the bronchi (and can affect the smooth muscles of the uterus and coronary arteries), but also increases the production of mucus, activates the function of the cilia – expectoration is enhanced in such a way. The system action of Ventolin leads to increased blood sugar levels. While taking this medication it may develop acidosis (acidification of blood). The effect of Ventolin develops in a few minutes after taking it and lasts for several hours. This drug is indicated for asthma for the prevention of attacks, consisting of supportive therapy, often in conjunction with other drugs. In addition, this medication is used for relief of bronchospasm, emphysema, bronchitis.
Ventolin is released in the form of tablets, syrup, or aerosol for inhalation. The instruction of the drug gives an idea about its standard dosing. It is recommended to take Ventolin not more often than four times per day. However, a more precise and detailed recommendations on the use of the drug should be given only by the attending physician.
Ventolin is forbidden to patients with hypersensitivity to its components, with the threat of interruption of pregnancy, as well as, children under two years of age. Pregnant women can take the drug only after evaluation of risks and benefits of influence of Ventolin on the health of the mother and fetus. There are no data on adverse effect of this drug on the newborn when feeding it with the breast.
Common heart rhythm disorders, namely, tachycardia on the background of the use of this drug. There are possible allergic reaction in form of urticaria, edema, hypokalemia, cramps, headaches.
In case of overdose it is necessary to control the content of potassium in the blood of the patient. If you noticed signs of hyperstimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors, you should be prescribed cardio-selective (acting on beta-adrenoceptors of cardiac muscle) beta-blockers.
This drug (in syrup) can be prescribed to children diagnosed with “bronchitis”, with the risk of developing obstruction. Some mothers do not fully understand the principle of action of Ventolin and try to “choose” one drug from several prescribed medicines. A lot of little patients respond to this drug with hyperactivity.
Adult patients who suffer from asthma often report that Ventolin “ceased to operate”, “does not remove attacks anymore”. Obviously, in this case, you must go to your doctor and solve the question of changing regimens. Because it’s not the drug that somehow has lost its effectiveness, but there is the change in the patient’s condition.