Zithromax is an azalide antibiotic, which is part of the macrolide group, as, for example, and erythromycin. On active active substance – azithromycin. The action of zithromax is described as bacteriostatic – that is, this drug has the ability to suppress the multiplication of microorganisms. However, if the concentrations of the antibiotic reach certain values – it is able to destroy bacteria, that is, to show bactericidal action. Zithromax treatment is possible with infectious diseases, which are caused by various microorganisms – gram-negative (gardnerelles, legionella, etc.), intracellular (chlamydia, spirochetes, mycoplasmas). Including Helicobacter pylori, which cause ulcer of the stomach, are sensitive to this drug. However, if microorganisms are resistant to erythromycin, they will not respond to zithromax therapy.
The main group of diseases in which this drug is prescribed are genitourinary infections – gonorrhea, syphilis, bacterial prostatitis. Zithromax isn’t less important for the treatment of infections of the respiratory tract, stomach, skin and so on.
Zithromax is released in capsules. The drug’s instruction emphasizes that the high activity of this antibiotic allows the use of single daily doses and significantly reduces the treatment over time. You can not combine zithromax with food, as this reduces its digestibility. Capsules are taken before meals (per hour) or after (no earlier than two hours). Tables of standard treatment regimens for certain diseases show that the maximum duration of the course is five days with a single capsule intake per day.
Although reviews of Zithromax indicate that this drug does not affect the concentration of attention, it is better not to be behind the wheel for too long during the treatment period. Of course, you should not drink alcohol together with this medicine. The same applies to any analogues of zithromax. Despite the high effectiveness and safety of this antibiotic, it is prescribed with great care to pregnant women and nursing mothers. The doctor makes this decision only if the benefits of using Zithromax will be more significant than the possible harm.
Contraindications to Zithromax
This antibiotic is not prescribed: to people with individual intolerance to antibiotics of the macrolide group; Patients with acute and chronic renal failure; Children under the age of three or those whose weight is less than 25 kilograms.
Interaction of Zithromax with other drugs
Antacids slow the absorption of this drug, so you need to observe an interval of at least two hours between taking Zithromax and funds for heartburn. It is not recommended to take azithromycin together with ergotamine, since this can provoke manifestations of ergotism. It is known that zithromax interacts well with other antibiotics: triazolam, cyclosporin, digoxin, midazolam, astemizol, alfentanil. Drugs can strengthen each other, but only the doctor should determine whether this combination is acceptable in your particular case, and most importantly – whether it is appropriate.
Side effect of Zithromax
Macrolides in general and Zithromax in particular are antibiotics of high safety. Usually they do not cause noticeable or severe lesions. Sometimes indigestion, nausea, and other digestive reactions are possible. Some patients experience allergic rashes, such as urticaria. Changes in some blood parameters are possible, but, as a rule, they come back to normal without additional treatment, after the termination of the Zithromax course.